Seismic Shifts In International Data Markets Demand Broadband Internet Policy Update

The global policy movement to improve connectivity and close the digital divide has presented a report on the global market for information and related regulations. Information presents sometimes confusing terms: use, transportation, communication, and connection. Each word has a specific meaning and practice. Legislators can benefit from an overview of the policies and tools proposed – in addition to a comprehensive review of their own country’s links and practices. . Here are some key findings from the report.

The rise of balanced, proprietary, and unregulated Internet by Platforms

Germany’s Federal Office for Economic Affairs has published a study on competition in transport and business (141 pages), noting that the problem has not been reviewed by European regulators for at least 5 years. The report found that the internet business in Europe has increased by 25 percent ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​front through through through 80 percent of these videos, ads, and activities. play, and only 5-6 players (including platforms Netflix, Amazon Prime, YouTube and others). account for more than half of all traffic. These players have more international capabilities than international service providers and have used jets to third parties by building their own backbones, undersea cables, and facilities. record- The transportation industry has declined as a result. The platforms often avoid transactions on the Internet where the price is transparent, instead of creating networks bespoke to their content and to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their services .

The massive development and expansion of infrastructure and delivery by these players has changed the entire world architecture of the internet, the structure of connections, and the relationship between platforms and general service providers, creating a competitive disadvantage for workers. The growth of the internet business continues to be the evolution of the internet, with the incredible growth of video streaming and cloud services impact the biggest. Although there are many advantages to providing private communications, conflicts can arise when two parties exchange information, given the relative market power of conflicting organizations. . While web architecture has changed dramatically in the last decade or so, the laws and regulations for traffic have changed little, and the biggest platforms are essentially non-existent. management in this global information. The exception is South Korea with its unique approach to broadband policy and recognized international leadership in broadband.

Network Usage vs. Termination

South Korea has had a framework for payment of network usage for almost a decade. The policy ethos reflects the recognition of the shared responsibility of the general service provider and the content/application to ensure the quality of the data delivered and the user experience. In practice, the policy seeks to recover the cost of installation and maintenance of fiber from the service provider to the broadband service provider’s core router. This provides dedicated bandwidth for the given content and prevents loss of network experience for users who do not access specific content.

Importantly, this practice has nothing to do with cutting traffic to end users. It appears that Analysys Mason, the Internet Society, and others confuse network usage (which describes the relationship between general service providers and content/request providers) with for the order of “sending party network payment” (SPNP). In South Korea, SPNP is a historical regulation that only applies between Tier 1 telecommunications operators if their exchange ratio does not exceed 1:1.8.

While the reparations are encouraged in South Korea, it is not mandatory, and so the big American people play for the government. For example, Netflix rejected the request to recover the cost and took the broadband provider to court, saying that it is not responsible for paying for updating the website. broadband needed to manage Netflix content has increased 26-fold almost overnight. Netflix lost, and the case is on appeal.

Just like Facebook has asked South Korean broadband service providers to install Facebook servers in their networks for free. Broadband providers balked; After all, the servers have value and cannot be recycled for other content, and therefore useless and redundant if there is free housing. To solve the problem, Facebook shuts down some of these servers and redirects the traffic to other countries and operators. This upset consumers, and Korea’s telecommunications regulator fined Facebook for what it considered an overzealous effort. Facebook took the matter to court and won, but the abuse caused a stir in Korea.

Moving forward, the Board decided to amend the Telecommunications Industry Act to specify that companies engaged in fair communications with requirements for information and price transparency. This bill is not entitled to payment.

Information needed for verification

Policymakers have little information about international trade data. While valuable information on global competition data is available at the aggregate, global level from Cisco and Sandvine, it tells us little about the behavior of the actors in traffic exchange and the microeconomics of personal networks.

Efforts are being made to provide more information, especially from Strand Consult which collects data on streaming video data on remote communication systems and data quality and quantity. negative of different processes. Most importantly, Congress has decided to address this through the Financial Contributions Act with the Affordable Care Act or the FAIR Contributions Act. which will encourage the FCC to conduct the required study.

However, there are no reports of damage from South Korea’s general policy. On the contrary, the country celebrated the highest penetration of fiber to the home (86 percent) and 5G (47 percent of adoption) . The country is considered the first revolution in network innovation and a global force in the creation of content for local use and export. Moreover, Google and Netflix have enjoyed a year of revenue in the country. It seems that broadband fair prices go hand in hand with a thriving ecosystem.

Source

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